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This research paper is an attempt to generate knowledge and understanding of root causes of Aboriginal homelessness in order to develop effective relevant policies and programs and move discourse from racism and prejudice to action to address the issues. The language used in order to take up the issue of Aboriginal homelessness must consciously reflect its social and historical context. This is imperative if politicians, policy-makers and program developers are to formulate and implement social policies and programs that will appropriately and effectively challenge the growing incidence of homelessness among Aboriginal people.


Migration from northern reserves to the small town of Sioux Lookout has meant that local business representatives had to develop and understanding and appreciation for the cultural differences. The purpose of this guide is to foster an understanding and appreciation of cross-cultural differences and strive for service excellence.

The theme for this issue of Directions focuses on facing institutionalized racism. All the articles address an aspect of this issue and how this practice has had a negative impact on racialized groups.

The feature article by Charles Smith, "Crisis, Conflict and Accountability" looks at the historical and social context of racial profiling in the USA, Canada and the United Kingdom. Examining the police culture in this piece leads to the questioning about accountability in this powerful institution. There are some positive steps being undertaken in all three countries to address this issue.

"A Sociological Analysis of Aboriginal Homelessness in Sioux Lookout in Ontario" examines the pervasive problem of homelessness in this community which is not uncommon in other Aboriginal communities. Yet again, institutionalized racism seems to perpetuate this problem. The findings of this study will be cited as policy implications and recommendations fro program development.

"The Racialized Impact of Welfare Fraud Control in British Columbia and Ontario" documents the experience of racialized people who are on welfare. This study, a first in the field, examines the effect of welfare enforcement policies and gives voice to the concerns of people who are on welfare. "Racialized Discourses in the Media", once again takes a candid look at how racialized people are portrayed in Canada's mainstream media, an institution that has been slow in reflecting racialized groups in a positive way, both in their media coverage or these groups and in their hiring practice. All research reports are available free of charge from the CRRF.


Canadian Race Relations Foundation
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